Implantable Devices: Spinal Cord Stimulators & Pain Pumps

Pain control through use of implantable devices such as spinal cord stimulator (SCS) and intrathecal pain pumps is commonplace.   Empirical research investigating the psychological characteristics associated with implantable-device-outcomes is rapidly growing and promises to be quite fruitful.  Pre-implantation psychological screening evaluations for this patient population can identify problematic emotional reactions, maladaptive thinking and behavior, as well as social problems that contribute to pain and disability.